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Here are some terms you may hear when discussing your child’s condition:
Bladder: A hollow, muscular organ that stores urine.
Clean intermittent catheterization (CIC): Regular catheterization (insertion of a small tube into the urethra) of the bladder in order to empty it completely.
Congenital: A condition or disease that is present at birth.
Elimination diary: A record of voiding frequency and volume as well as bowel movements.
Elimination dysfunction: A problem holding or releasing urine or stool.
Genitalia: Organs needed for sexual function and reproduction.
Hematuria: Blood in the urine. In some cases, the blood may only be seen under a microscope.
Hydronephrosis: Swelling of the kidneys caused by an obstruction or refluxing of urine flow.
Hypospadias: In males, a condition in which the urethral opening is in an abnormal position on the penis. The urethral opening may be located on the underside of the penis, down near the scrotum, or in the area between the scrotum and the anus.
Incontinence: The involuntary release of urine or stool.
Kidneys: A pair of organs that filter the blood of the waste, unused minerals, and water that make up urine.
Megaureter: A ureter that is enlarged because of a problem in the urinary tract.
Neurogenic bladder: A condition in which nerves that carry signals to and from the bladder do not function properly, causing problems with urination.
Obstructive uropathy: A condition in which a blockage in the urinary tract doesn’t allow urine to flow properly.
Sphincter muscles: Muscles that control when urine is held in or released from the bladder.
Timed voiding: The practice of urinating at set times throughout the day to avoid toileting accidents or infections.
Ureteral orifice: The opening of the ureter, located where the ureter enters the bladder.
Ureters: A pair of tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
Urethra: Tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body.
Urethral opening/meatus: The opening through which urine leaves the body.
Urinary stoma: A small opening surgically made on the outside of the body. The stoma allows the bladder to be emptied using a catheter or bag.
Vesicoureteral reflux: A condition in which urine flows backward (refluxes) from the bladder into one or both ureters and possibly the kidneys.
Voiding: The act of releasing urine.