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Restraints help keep patients as safe as possible. This handout may help answer some of your questions. If you have any other questions or concerns, talk to the healthcare provider.
Some medications or illnesses can cause confusion. A patient may not remember where he or she is or why he or she is there. Restraints help keep patients from harming themselves. Restraints can help prevent such things as:
Falls out of a bed or chair
Wandering out of a safe area
Removing tubes or bandages
Scratching at wounds or bandages
Many types of restraints are available. Each type has a purpose. Very strict guidelines say how a restraint can be used, and for how long. Health care providers should do the following:
Use restraints only after other alternatives have been tried.
Choose the least limiting restraint possible.
Check the skin under the restraint often.
Keep a call button within the patient’s reach when a restraint is in place.
Remove the restraint as soon as it is no longer needed.
Preserve the patient’s dignity.
Know that your loved one will be assisted, if necessary, in doing everything he or she needs. This includes eating, bathing, and using the toilet.
Once restraints are used, never remove them or loosen them yourself. If you have a concern, speak with the nurse on duty.