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Your healthcare provider has recommended you have a D&C (dilation and curettage). This common procedure helps your healthcare provider learn more about problems inside your uterus. During a D&C, the cervix (opening of the uterus) is widened, or dilated. Tissue samples are then removed from the endometrium (lining of the uterus) with an instrument called a curette. In many cases, D&C is done to find the cause of abnormal vaginal bleeding. Or, you may need a D&C as a form of treatment.
Arrange for an adult family member or friend to drive you home.
Don’t eat or drink anything after the midnight before your D&C (unless told otherwise by your healthcare provider).
Just before your D&C, you’ll receive medication to prevent pain. This may be given through an IV. You may be awake but relaxed during the procedure. Or, you may be completely asleep. The procedure will not begin until the pain medication has taken effect. During your D&C:
Instruments are used to hold the vagina open and to steady the uterus. The cervical canal is widened using tapered instruments called dilators.
A hysteroscope (thin, flexible telescope) may be inserted into the vagina. This allows your healthcare provider to see into the uterus.
The curette is inserted into the uterus. Tissue samples are taken from several areas. These samples are sent to a lab to be studied.
You will rest for a while in a recovery area.
You can expect some cramping for a few hours after D&C. This can be controlled with an over-the-counter pain reliever.
You may have some light bleeding for a few weeks. Use pads instead of tampons.
Take showers instead of baths for about a week. Ask your healthcare provider if you should avoid exercising or having sex for a period of time.
D&C rarely causes complications. However, as with any procedure, D&C has some risks. Before your D&C, your healthcare provider will discuss these with you. You may be asked to sign a consent form. Risks may include:
Perforation of the uterine wall or damage to nearby organs
The need for additional tests or procedures
Risks associated with anesthesia (the medication that makes you sleep during surgery)
Heavy bleeding (more than 1 pad an hour).
A fever over 101°F.
Increasing abdominal pain, tenderness, or cramping.