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TPN fluids feed the body without passing through the stomach. TPN is given by IV with a pump.
Read the drug sheet that comes with the TPN. Be aware of any warnings and side effects.
Check the label on the TPN bag before starting an IV. Make sure the patient name, TPN fluids, and dose are correct.
Do not use TPN with an expired date.
Do not use TPN if there are leaks in the bag.
Do not use TPN if it looks curdled or oily.
Do not use TPN if it has particles in it.
Store TPN in the refrigerator. If it’s not kept cold, TPN lasts only 24 hours. Do not freeze.
Before using TPN, allow it to get close to room temperature. Do not heat.
If vitamins need to be added to the TPN, do so as directed.
Put all used needles and syringes in a sharps box.
When the IV is done, put the used supplies in a plastic bag. Seal the bag and throw it in the trash.
Weigh yourself daily. If you lose or gain weight, your TPN dose may need adjusting.
Keep track of your urine output as directed. Tell the nurse if the amount increases or decreases a lot.
Check your blood sugar if directed. A nurse may take a blood sample from you each week. This is to make sure your TPN dose is right for you.
Keep the dressing over the catheter exit site clean and dry. Change the dressing if it comes loose or gets soiled or wet.
Flush the catheter with saline or heparin as directed.
Wipe all injection sites with alcohol.
Be sure all IV supplies are in sealed packets. If sterile packets are open, throw away those supplies.
Do not stop the pump during an IV unless a nurse tells you to.
Redness near the catheter exit site or at any spot along the catheter line
Fever or chills
Swelling in the arm, neck, or chest
Drainage at the exit site
The catheter slips or comes out
The TPN doesn’t flow well through the tubing
The alarm on the pump comes on
If you have trouble breathing, Call 911 or emergency services