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With a tracheostomy, a small hole (stoma) is made in your neck. A tracheostomy tube (“trach tube”) is then placed into the stoma. Air goes into and out of your lungs through the tube. Here are answers to some common questions that patients often ask about tracheostomy. If you have other questions, ask a member of your healthcare team.
Q: How long will I have my trach tube?
A: This depends on why you have the tube. Often, the new airway is needed for only a short time. But sometimes the new airway must stay in for good. The tube is removed when it’s no longer needed.
Q: Will I be able to speak with a tracheostomy?
A: This depends on several factors, such as your reason for the tracheostomy, whether your vocal cords are damaged, and the type of trach tube you have. Your doctor can tell you more about what to expect in your case.
Q: Will I be able to eat with a tracheostomy?
A: Many patients can eat normally. But some precautions are needed.
Q: If the trach tube is taken out, will it leave a hole?
A: If the stoma is no longer needed, it is covered up and allowed to close on its own. Tracheostomy stomas often heal nicely and leave only a small scar.
Q: Can I swim with a tracheostomy?
A: You can’t put your tube under water. But you can wade or sit in water if you keep your stoma and tube dry.
Q: I sometimes feel like I’m gagging. Is this normal?
A: Until you get used to breathing through the trach tube, you may feel that it is hard to breathe or swallow. Stay calm. Take some deep breaths. As you relax, the feeling should go away. It’s normal to gag a little when you suction.
Q: Can my trach tube fall out?
A: Your trach ties should keep your tube from falling out, even if you cough. But you should know what to do if the tube does come out.
Q: Why is it harder to pass stool?
A: A person who breathes through the nose or mouth can hold his or her breath to help push stool out. You can’t do this, so stool may be harder to pass. If this is a problem for you, talk to your doctor. He or she may suggest a high-fiber diet or laxatives.