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Cystocele occurs when the bladder prolapses (sags) into the vagina. The goal of surgery is to repair the problem. This will help relieve your symptoms. Your surgery may include one or more repairs.
Cystocele can be treated with an anterior repair. This type of surgery is done through the vagina. The sagging bladder is moved back into its normal position. Sutures (stitches) are placed in tissue between the bladder and the vagina. This helps hold the bladder in place. In some cases, another type of surgery is done. It can help correct weakness in the front wall of the vagina. The vagina is attached to strong tissues in the side wall of the pelvis.
During surgery, the doctor will reach your pelvic organs through the vagina or the abdomen. An incision may be made in the vaginal wall. If an incision is made on the abdomen (lower belly), it may be vertical (up and down). Or, it may be transverse (across).
Risks of anesthesia
Damage to nerves, muscles, or nearby pelvic structures.
Prolapse of the pelvic organ or organs occurring again