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Salmonella infection is also called salmonellosis. It is an illness that affects your intestines. It is caused by Salmonella bacteria. You can be infected from eating or drinking contaminated food or water. Beef, pork, chicken, eggs, and unpasteurized milk are more likely to carry this bacteria than other foods. However, vegetables may also be contaminated. Salmonella most often passes through food that hasn’t been cooked well enough, or that contacts raw meat or eggs. You can also be infected by contact with feces of infected animals, or by food that an infected food handler contaminates. To prevent transmission of Salmonella, wash all utensils, dishes, and cutting boards with soap and hot water, especially after preparing raw meats or eggs.
Symptoms often appear 12 to 72 hours after you are infected. Symptoms include:
A health care provider takes a sample of your stool and checks for Salmonella. More than one stool sample may be needed.
Most people get better within 5 to 7 days. You will usually not need antibiotics (drugs that treat infection). However, if you have other medical problems, you may need antibiotics if bacteria move from your intestines to other parts of your body. Treatment is with fluids, and it is important to drink plenty of them while you are recovering. This helps prevent dehydration. Do not take antidiarrheal medication unless your doctor instructs you to. This medication can prevent your body from getting rid of the bacteria. It can also make the illness last longer.
No improvement in symptoms after 2 days
Blood in your stool
Severe abdominal pain
Signs of dehydration (dry, sticky mouth; decreased urine output; very dark urine)
Follow these steps to reduce your chances of getting or passing on Salmonella infection:
Wash your hands well with soap and warm water. Do this often. Make sure to wash before preparing meals. Wash after going to the bathroom, changing diapers, or handling pets or other animals. Teach your child to do the same.
Use a food thermometer when cooking. Cook poultry to at least 165°F (74°C). Cook pork and ground meats to at least 160°F (71°C). Cook beef or lamb to at least 145°F (63°C). Cook eggs until the yolks are firm and are not still runny.
Wash or peel fresh fruits and vegetables before eating.
Wash cutting boards and utensils with hot water and soap after each use. After preparing raw meat or eggs, clean boards and counters with hot water and soap.