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A surgical breast biopsy is done to remove a sample of tissue from the breast. This tissue is then sent to a lab to be studied. Most surgical breast biopsies are done in a hospital or clinic. They are performed on an outpatient basis.
Risks that may occur with surgical biopsy include:
Excessive bleeding or bruising
Problems from the anesthesia
Poor wound healing
Change in breast shape
Failure to remove entire lesion
Tell your surgeon about any medications, vitamins, or herbs you take. This includes over-the-counter drugs such as aspirin. Some of these may affect your body’s response during surgery. On the day of the biopsy, wear a loose shirt that buttons in front. Also, be sure to arrange for a trusted adult to drive you home.
Usually you can go home the day of the biopsy. You may have bruising and swelling for a few days. If you need them, your surgeon may prescribe pain medications. Ice packs can also help ease minor soreness or swelling. Leave your dressing on for as long as your surgeon suggests. Also, follow your surgeon’s advice about bathing and exercise.
Call your surgeon if you have any of these:
A fever over 101°F
Increased pain, warmth, or redness at the puncture or incision site
Severe swelling that doesn’t go away in a few days
Drainage from the puncture or incision site
Bleeding that soaks through the dressing