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Salmonella infection (also called salmonellosis) is an intestinal illness caused by Salmonella bacteria. Some animals (such as reptiles and birds) often carry Salmonella. You or your child can be infected from eating or drinking contaminated food or water. Contamination occurs when food or water comes in contact with stool from infected people or animals. Beef, pork, chicken, eggs, and unpasteurized milk are more likely to have Salmonella than other foods. Salmonella is most often passed through food that hasn’t been cooked well enough or that contacts raw meat or eggs.
The following symptoms can appear 12–72 hours after infection:
Your child can also be infected and have no symptoms at all.
The doctor examines your child. A stool sample is requested to check for the presence of Salmonella. More than one stool sample may be needed.
The illness can last 5–7 days.
Antibiotics (medications that kill bacteria) may be prescribed if needed. But most children get better with no treatment. If antibiotics are prescribed, be sure your child finishes ALL of the medication.
Don’t give your child antidiarrheal medication unless told to by a doctor. It can make the illness last longer and decrease the body’s ability to get rid of Salmonella.
Give your child plenty of water or a children’s electrolyte solution to drink. This helps prevent dehydration.
It may take several weeks for the bacteria to clear from your child’s body even after symptoms have gone away.
Has severe diarrhea that lasts longer than 2 days.
Shows signs of dehydration (very dark or little urine, excessive thirst, dry mouth, no tears when crying, or dizziness).
Cries and can’t be consoled.
Seems very tired, slow-moving, or doesn’t respond.
To prevent your child from passing on a Salmonella infection:
Clean your child’s bottom well when changing diapers. Afterward, wash your hands with soap and water. Do the same for your child.
Keep your child home from daycare or school until cleared by your healthcare provider.
To lessen the chances of a Salmonella infection in the future:
Wash your hands with soap and warm water often. Do this before preparing meals or eating food, after going to the bathroom, or handling pets. Teach your child to do the same.
Use a food thermometer when cooking. Cook poultry to at least 165°F. Cook pork, beef, and lamb cuts to at least 145°F. Cook ground meats to at least 160°F. Cook egg dishes to at least 160°F. Cook single eggs until the yolks are firm, not runny.
Wash or peel produce before eating.
Wash cutting boards and utensils with hot water and soap after each use. Clean kitchen counters with bleach or disinfectant.