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Mood or affective disorders are mental disorders that primarily affect mood and interfere with the activities of daily living. They include, but are not limited to, the following:
Anxiety disorders, like panic disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder, are more common than most people realize. Over 19 million adults in America suffer from these chronic conditions, which can seriously interfere with work and personal relationships. Unlike the relatively mild, brief anxiety caused by a stressful event (such as speaking in public or a first date), anxiety disorders last at least six months and can get worse if they are not treated.
Also known as manic-depressive illness, bipolar disorder affects the brain and causes unusual shifts in a person's mood, energy and ability to function. About 5.7 million American adults experience a bipolar disorder annually. It typically develops in late adolescence or early adulthood and is often not recognized as an illness. People may suffer for years before it is properly diagnosed and treated. Like diabetes or heart disease, bipolar disorder is a long-term illness that must be carefully managed throughout a person's life.
Depression affects over one in five adults over the course of their lifetime, making it the most common mental health problem in the United States. Episodes of depression can be brought on by biological imbalances in the brain or various life stressors, such as divorce. Most importantly, though, depression should not be thought of as a character flaw. Will power cannot stop it and "pulling yourself up by the bootstraps" is no more effective in relieving depression than in treating diabetes. The most important step in the battle against depression is asking for help.
Adolescent Eating DisordersAnorexia nervosa and bulima are often linked to depression in teens and can affect the whole family. Einstein Healthcare Network doctors discuss warning signs, physical symptoms and treatment.
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