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Heart Valve Surgery

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MINIMALLY INVASIVE MITRAL VALVE REPAIR /REPLACEMENT

Minimally invasive mitral valve repair surgery is performed through a small chest incision, often using specialized endoscopic surgical instruments. The incision is 2 to 4 inches instead of the 6- to 8-inch incision required for traditional surgery.

Robotically assisted minimally invasive approaches are also available for some types of mitral valve surgery. In this procedure, the surgeon's hands control the movement and placement of the endoscopic instruments to perform mitral valve surgery.

MINIMALLY INVASIVE TRICUSPID VALVE REPAIR / REPLACEMENT

The tricuspid valve is located between the heart's right upper chamber (atrium) and lower chamber (ventricle). The valve has three leaflets, or flaps, that control the correct direction of blood flow from the right atrium into the right ventricle.

In some people, the valve does not function correctly, and they are said to have tricuspid valve disease. Tricuspid valve disease causes the heart to work harder to pump blood throughout the body. It is rare compared with other types of heart valve disease.

Minimally invasive surgery is an option for many patients with tricuspid valve disease. This surgery is performed through a small chest incision, often using specialized endoscopic surgical instruments. The incision is 2 to 4 inches instead of the 6- to 8-inch incision required for traditional surgery.

Robotically assisted minimally invasive approaches are also available for some types of tricuspid valve surgery. In this procedure, the surgeon's hands control the movement and placement of the endoscopic instruments to perform tricuspid valve surgery.

TRANSCATHETER VALVE REPLACEMENT (TAVR)

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a surgical treatment option for some patients with severe aortic stenosis who are too ill to have traditional, open-heart surgery to replace the aortic valve. 

During TAVR cardiovascular surgeons use catheter-based technology to replace the diseased aortic valve with a prosthetic/biologic valve.  The catheter is inserted into an artery in the groin or an incision in the chest.

COMPLEX RE-OPERATIVE VALVE SURGERY

Some older patients or those with a history of pervious heart valve operations may require re-operative surgery to replace or repair defective prosthetic valves.  Minimally invasive re-operative valve surgery may be an option for patients who have previously undergone cardiovascular surgery to ensure best possible post-surgical medical outcomes.

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