Conditions & Treatments

Electroconvulsive Therapy

Electroconvulsive therapy, also known as ECT or electroshock therapy, may be a viable treatment program for consenting adult patients with severe depression who are not responding to anti-depressant medications. It is also sometimes used for patients diagnosed with psychosis, catatonia, or bipolar disorder.

“The results of ECT in treating severe depression are among the most positive treatment effects in all of medicine…. For the sake of the many patients with major depression and their families, it is time to bring ECT out of the shadows.” – 2001 editorial from the Journal of the American Medical Association

Breaking through Misconceptions About ECT

In the past, electroshock therapy had more severe side effects that caused many patients to reject it as a treatment option. In recent years, there have been many improvements in ECT. Temporary side effects of today’s ECT may include:

  • Irregular heart rhythm
  • Rise in pulse and blood pressure
  • Grogginess, muscle aches, nausea and headache

Memory and learning difficulties typically return to normal in several weeks. Our doctors use the latest unilateral stimulation techniques, which treat one side of the brain, to reduce memory loss.

Electroconvulsive Therapy Treatment

Einstein’s electroconvulsive therapy program for patients in the Philadelphia area require several sessions (typically three per week) to realize the full therapeutic benefit of treatment. Usually, a course of six to 12 treatments is required over two to four weeks.

Our electroconvulsive therapy treatments most often begin with a hospital stay and continue after discharge until the recommended course is complete. Ongoing outpatient ECT treatment programs - once every one to two months - will prevent relapse.

During an electroshock therapy treatment, the following occurs:

  • Patient receives light anesthesia and a muscle relaxant
  • Electrodes placed at precise locations on the head deliver brief electrical impulses to the whole brain
  • Stimulation causes a brief (about 30 to 120 seconds) seizure within the brain
  • Patient does not consciously experience electrical stimulus
  • This modified seizure relieves the symptoms of depression

Training & Education

At Einstein, we have clinical expertise in mental health and are actively invested in resident education.

We also offer graduate-level internships in mental health fields such as psychology and social work. Programs are available through area colleges and universities such as Bryn Mawr College, University of Pennsylvania, LaSalle University and Widener University. For additional information about internship opportunities, please contact:

Brian Gallagher, Psy.D.
Director, Outpatient Behavioral Health Services

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  • Division of Drug and Alcohol Program Licensure (DDAPL)
  • Bureau of Drug and Alcohol (BDAP)

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