Who Is at Risk?
Stroke does not age discriminate. The risk factors are the same no matter how old you are. Protect yourself against stroke by staying informed, understanding your risk, recognizing the signs and symptoms, and calling 911 immediately if you experience symptoms of a stroke.
- Each year, about 750,000 Americans, including many young adults, have a stroke.
- Stroke accounts for 1 in every 3 deaths in the U.S.
- At younger ages, men have a higher stroke risk than women.
- African Americans have a higher stroke risk than Caucasians.
- Among people ages 45 to 64, 37 percent of hemorrhagic strokes result in death.
- The risk of stroke in current smokers is about double that of non-smokers.
- The risk of stroke for pregnant women ? and women within 6 weeks after delivery ? is 2.4 times greater than for non-pregnant women.
- People who are under 65 and suffer signs of depression are 4.21 times more likely to have a stroke.
- TIA (transient ischemic attack / mini-stroke)
- Prior stroke or heart attack
- Physical inactivity
- Illicit drug use
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- High blood cholesterol and other lipids
- Overweight and obesity
- Diabetes Mellitus
- Women over age 30 who smoke and take high-estrogen oral contraceptives
Stroke Symptoms May Include:
- Sudden weakness or numbness of the face, arm or leg (usually occurring on one side of the body)
- Sudden onset of confusion, difficulty swallowing, difficulty speaking or understanding what others are saying
- Sudden blurry, dimming, or no vision in one or both eyes
- Sudden dizziness, falling, or loss of balance
- Sudden severe or unusual headache
Information provide by the American Heart Association