Vascular disease is slow and progressive and there are often no symptoms until a heart attack or stroke happens. That's why it is important to have regular checkups. Early diagnosis and treatment is vital.
There are different types of vascular disease, including:
- Peripheral vascular disease
- Peripheral arterial occlusive disease
- Aortic aneurysm
- Carotid disease
- Venous conditions
If left untreated, vascular disease can result in:
- Heart attack, blocked blood flow to the heart that damages the heart muscle.
- Transient ischemic attack (TIA), a temporary interruption in the blood supply to the brain
- Stroke, interruption of the blood flow to the brain that can cause lasting paralysis, brain damage and death.
- Limb amputation due to tissue death in the limb.
Family history and risks like obesity, smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol can contribute to vascular disease.